Stephen Rees's blog

Thoughts about the relationships between transport and the urban area it serves

Posts Tagged ‘Burns Bog


St Mungo Cannery site

St Mungo Cannery site - photo by Stephen Rees

Burns Bog Conservation Society is non-profit environmental organization working to conserve and protect Burns Bog, a globally-unique ecological wonder in Delta, British Columbia.

For Immediate Release:


Wednesday, November 24, 2010 – Delta, B.C. – The Burns Bog Conservation Society announced today that it has delivered a statement of claim to Federal court office. The Society claims that the Federal Government has violated the conservation covenant to protect Burns Bog.

“The construction of the South Fraser Perimeter Road will have a significant impact to the health and well being of residents, plants and animals alike,” said Eliza Olson, President, Burns Bog Conservation Society. “Our Governments have failed to conduct a thorough and credible analysis of the environmental impact of paving a highway through Burns Bog, over valuable farmland, and along the Fraser River.”

The freeway will cause irreparable harm to critical habitats of the Fraser delta including the bog, farmland, and the forests and wetlands located in Surrey and North Delta. As such, Burns Bog Conservation Society, with a grant from West Coast Environmental Law, has hired Vancouver lawyer Jay Straith to advocate on their behalf.

“The governments have failed to honour their commitment to protect Burns Bog under a Conservation Covenant and Management Plan signed by the Governments of Canada and British Columbia,  Metro Vancouver, and the Corporation of Delta,” said lawyer Jay Straith. “They must be held accountable for their actions and negligence.”

Further, the Federal Government has violated public trust, and ignored their fiduciary duty to protect the environment, by carrying out the development of the South Fraser Perimeter Road. The development contravenes the laws outlined in the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act and the Federal Species at Risk Act in the following ways:

  • Fails to ensure that the Federal Environmental Assessment of the South Fraser Perimeter Road was considered in a careful and precautionary manner, to avoid adverse environmental effects
  • Fails to disclose the use of Federal lands for the purpose of enabling the project to be carried out
  • Fails to protect endangered species such as the Pacific Water Shrew
  • Fails to meet the legal requirement of assessing the overall cumulative effects of the South Fraser Perimeter Road, in combination with related Gateway Projects such as the Delta Port expansion and Golden Ears Bridge.

It’s not too late for our governments to do the right thing.


For more information, please contact:

Eliza Olson

President of the Burns Bog Conservation Society


info (at)

Alex Fraser Bridge

The SFPR will run along the south bank of the Fraser. The St Mungo cannery site is below the south pier. - Stephen Rees photo

Written by Stephen Rees

November 24, 2010 at 3:48 pm

Posted in Gateway

Tagged with ,

The Road and The Bog

with one comment

The following is an open letter sent by Don Hunt of the Sunbury Neighborhood Association spelling out, chapter and verse, the effects of the SFPR on Burns Bog

Mayor and Council

Corporation of Delta

Dear Mayor and Council,

I recently read a newspaper article where George Harvie was quoted as saying that the SFPR would not impact the Partnership lands.

Where is he getting his information?

Environment Canada, Transport Canada, The Environmental Stewardship Division of British Columbia, and the Burns Bog Scientific Advisory Panel all say that it will, and that the damage cannot be mitigated.

The SFPR Environmental Application even admits that;

“In relation to the ecological boundaries of Burns Bog, the Ministry of Transportation proposes to construct portions of SFPR on land that is part of the bog and directly connected to the land within the conservation area.” (Burns bog discussion paper, Pg 2, Paragraph 3).

“Removal of peat-producing vegetation or vegetation at the bog margin that acts as a buffer between central bog communities and surrounding terrestrial ecosystems would have implications not only for the immediately affected vegetation but for the entire ecosystem.” (SFPR Environmental Application; Burns Bog Discussion Paper).

“…the SFPR is expected to cause footprint impacts to 28.79 ha of land in zones required for, or supporting, the viability of Burns Bog.” “…5.6 ha of the affected land with ecological values is in zone 1 or in the water mound and required for Burns Bog viability…”

(Cumulative Environmental Effects, 10.3, pg. 19, Burns Bog)

Does he understand the meaning of the word ‘Viability’?

“Bogs are complex ecosystems requiring a particular set of biophysical conditions…Due to interactions between vegetation, peat accumulation, chemical conditions, and water movement and storage, impacts to one ecosystem component will affect others. (Main Binder, p. 350, Potential Impacts to Burns Bog)

“The route also passes through ecosystems that are directly part of the bog complex and previously identified as required for the Bog’s ecological integrity (Hebda et al, 2000).”

(Scientific Advisory Panel Opinions to Environment Canada Concerning Potential Environmental Impacts of the Proposed South Fraser Perimeter Road on Burns Bog, Pg. 5)

Impacts to one part of the Bog ecosystem will have an affect on the whole. We know from the preloading activities for Highway 91 and Tilbury Industrial that the effects are felt well into the protected lands. The periphery of the Bog plays an important role in the life of the Bog, and studies of the Bog have made recommendations to protect a greater amount than the 2042 ha partnership lands to a minimum total of 2450 ha. Of the remaining 408 ha that is required to preserve Burns Bog as a viable ecosystem, the SFPR would destroy almost 288,000 square meters and isolate a large portion of the balance from the protected lands. This includes land that Delta Municipality already owns that could easily be added to the protected areas. These lands were supposed to be added to the ‘Partnership Lands’ within two years of the deal being reached….

Why has Delta not contributed its portion of these lands to the protection of the Bog?

Was that not part of the agreement?

Was there not a by-law passed to recognize these lands as ecologically significant and to protect them?

By Gateway’s own admissions, the SFPR would destroy;

Ø 3,037 square meters of undisturbed sphagnum moss habitat.

Ø 4,780 square meters of red-listed plant communities.

Ø 61,958 square meters of red-coded Pacific Water Shrew Habitat

And the recent shift in the alignment by Sherwood Forest would also destroy roosting and foraging habitat for large numbers of threatened bird populations including Trumpeter Swans, Great Blue Herons, Bald eagles, Owls, and the Sandhill Crane.

And the MoT has stated in a Technical Memorandum to Environment Canada that;

In considering refinements to the alignment on the west side of Burns Bog, analysis undertaken by MoT indicates that a further shift (i.e., to the west side of Crescent Slough) would not eliminate impacts to areas of concern to EC, associated with the original alignment, while at the same time increasing impacts to other values as follows:

Q Increase the area and intensity of zone of influence effect on wildlife habitat (i.e., Sandhill Crane, Trumpeter Swan and water associated birds) provided by agricultural fields.

Q Potential increases in collision mortality to Barn owls associated bisecting remaining foraging habitat (to the east of Crescent Slough);

Q Impacts to fisheries values (where none currently exist) associated with two crossings of Crescent Slough; and

Q In order to minimize impacts to agricultural values the alignment will still be required cross, and impact, some ecological values associated with the Corporation of Delta lands north of the Nottingham property.

It is noted that the proposed relocation does have cost (est. $20 million) and other social, economic and community effects which are also a critical part of the Environmental Assessment review.

(Technical memorandum to Lisa Walls, A/Manager, Pollution Prevention and Assessment Section from Malcolm Smith, Environmental Manager, SFPR Project on September 21, 2007, regarding MoT Responses to Environment Canada Comments on South Fraser Perimeter Road, Page 8)

Let me give you the quote once again…

“the Province, Delta, and the GVRD shall not do anything, or allow anything to be done, that does or could reasonably be expected to destroy, impair, diminish, negatively affect, or alter the Bog…”

There is clearly enough evidence to invoke the protective covenant and stop the SFPR from being built near the Bog.

The only people saying that the SFPR wouldn’t impact the ‘Partnership lands’ are the Kevin Falcon, Geoff Freer and George Harvie!

Every Regional plan and OCP since the 1960s has emphasized the protection of our environment and our Green space.

The recent International symposium on Wetlands and Peatlands, (U.N. Peatlands Conference, Bali 2007), said that the importance of protecting our Bogs and wetlands cannot be overstated.

Peat Bogs sequester ten times more carbon than any other ecosystem of the same size, and “conservation and restoration of peatlands can be up to 100 times more cost effective as other carbon sequestration measures”

I would like to arrange a meeting with your Worship and any councilors that are willing stand up for the protection of Burns Bog to discus how we can move towards stopping the SFPR from impacting the bog and getting Burns Bog recognized as a Ramsar/UNESCO site to give it some real protection.

Looking forward to a speedy reply,

Most sincerely,

Don Hunt

Sunbury Neighbourhood Association

Written by Stephen Rees

October 17, 2008 at 6:22 am

Posted in Environment, Transportation

Tagged with ,

The Burns Bog Conservation Society’s positon on the South Fraser Perimeter Road

leave a comment »

This is a letter Eliza Olson wrote in response to an article in the Delta Optimist. It showcases some of the Society’s concerns and points out the misunderstanding related to any Society involvement with working with Gateway.

Since the letter is long and detailed I am doubtful if much or any of it will actually appear in that paper and I feel it is well worth reading in full

The Burns Bog Conservation Society fully supports the position of the Delta farmers regarding the South Fraser Perimeter Road. We cannot afford to lose one acre of agricultural or bogland, especially when there are alternatives. These include light rail, public transportation, short-shipping and improvements on current roads among other options.
Unfortunately, I was not able to attend but we wish to make it clear that the Society was not part of the decision-making process relating to the South Fraser Perimeter Road. The destruction of bogland either inside the Conservation area or outside of it is unacceptable to the Society for a number of reasons. These include the following.
The Society does not have the requisite engineering or commercial resources to fully assess the relative merits of any South Fraser Perimeter Road routing proposal. However, the Society’s position on the project is that any routing proposal should take into account the world heritage nature of the Bog and all proposals should first and foremost meet a “do no harm” criteria insofar as the Bog is concerned.
Ten percent (3 billion tonnes) of greenhouse gases comes from the destruction of peatlands world-wide even though only 3% of the earth’s surface is covered with peatlands. This represent half of the world’s wetlands. The United Nations Report, Dec. 7, 2008 points out that the most cost-efficient way to reduce greenhouse gasses is to immediately stop the destruction of peatlands.
A more recent report issued  July 20th of this year by 700 scientists from 29 countries at a wetland conference in Brazil points out that 771 billion tons of greenhouse gases “one-fifth of all the carbon on Earth and about the same amount of carbon as is now in the atmosphere is stored in wetlands.” (Paulo Teixeira, coordinator of the Pantanal Regional Environment Program, Brazil). All wetlands represent 6% of the earth’s surface worldwide (bogs or peatlands, swamps, marshes, river deltas, mangroves.tundra and river flood plains) and they store 20% of the earth’s carbon.
Wetlands produce 25% of the worlds’ food and filter 10% of the world’s freshwater.  About 60% of the world’s wetlands have been destroyed in the last century due to drainage.
Part of the problem according to Teixeira, is that wetlands have an image problem, people are willing to save “a rainforest but not the swamp.”
The Society has worked very hard to change this image by creating educational material for teachers and their students and re-opening the Delta Nature Reserve to the public by building boardwalks for easy access.  It was set aside for an outdoor classroom in the 1970s thanks to the work of a very dedicated group of people. The community of Delta, the Province and Canada responded by supporting the protection of half of the historical area of Burns Bog in 2004.
The destruction of the lagg will negatively impact on the Sandhill cranes as well as at least three other endangered species found in Burns Bog. These include the Green heron, the Southern Red-backed vole, the Pacific Water Shrew and the Townsends vole.
The Society finds it interesting that some of the area slated for the South Fraser Perimeter Road is the same area that a Delta resident was convicted of destroying and sent to jail for a few years ago.
International concern has been raised by peatland scientists.  Dr. Catherine O’Connell, Chief Excecutive Officer of the Irish Peatland Conservation Council sent a letter to Hon. John Baird, June 16, 2008,expressing concerns that the construction of the South Fraser Perimeter Road may place Canada, the Province of British Columbia and Delta in contravention of several international protocols. These include the Convention on Biological Diversity and the UN Convention on Climate Change.
The International Mires Conservation Group has placed Burns Bog on its list of “Areas of Concern” due to the potential destruction of Burns Bog by the South Fraser Perimeter Road. “The International Mires Conservation Group (IMCG, is a worldwide organisation of mire (peatland) specialists who have a particular interest in the conservation of peatland habitats.” (Hans Joosten, Secretary-General, Greifswald, February 7, 2007, in a letter to the EU Commissioner of Environment, Mr. Stavros Dimas. This letter was written in opposition to the proposed road through the Rospuda bog, Poland. Poland has since cancelled its plans to build the road.)
The Society has a concern that the proposed road routing almost certainly transects the Bog lagg zone and may negatively impact the lagg zone and the Bog itself via:
-potential below grade disruption of the water hydrology and thus the lifeblood of the Bog,
-potential traffic generated fugitive dust and water spray penetrating the Bog proper and potential wildlife disruption, especially that of the extremely small population of Sandhill cranes that use the Bog for nesting, rearing young and staging with other cranes of the Lower Mainland.
One Lower Mainland naturalist who has studied cranes in the Bog, believes that the destruction of “Sherwood Forest” will lead to the extinction of our cranes because it will disrupt their traditional habitat and lead to them refusing to nest again in Burns Bog.
The Burns Bog Conservation Society believes that in addition the Gateway Project has a further burden of proof that the proposed routing will be consistent with the stringent conditions for Burns Bog’s conservation as codified in the Conservation Covenant agreed to by four levels of government at the time of the acquisition of the Conservation Area ( this is about half the area of the original size of the Bog) at the expenditure of $73 million of taxpayer’s monies.
As Delta and Metro Vancouver (GVRD) are signatories to the Conservation Covenant, the Society has requested verbally and in writing that the Corporation of Delta and Metro Vancouver invoke Section 5 (Dispute Resolution) of the Conservation Covenant relating to the South Fraser Perimeter Road.
According to a letter written by a staff member of the Corporation of Delta, Delta is refusing to invoke Section 5 of the Conservation Covenant. The Society has yet to hear from Metro Vancouver.
Needless to say, the Society is disappointed with the Corporation of Delta’s inaction.
I hope this clarifies the Society’s position regarding the South Fraser Perimeter Road. The Society’s complete Position Statement can be found on its website along with other information regarding the South Fraser Perimeter Road.
These are only a few of the concerns that the Society has regarding the South Fraser Perimeter. In conclusion, the Society reconfirms its support for the position of the Delta farmers against the South Fraser Perimeter Road albeit may be for differing reasons.

Eliza Olson, B.Ed.

Burns Bog Conservation Society
4-7953 120 Street, Delta, BC V4C 6P6
Tel: 604.572.0373 Fax: 604.572.0374
TF 1.888.850.6264

Written by Stephen Rees

September 18, 2008 at 9:57 am

Posted in Environment, Gateway

Tagged with ,

Pilgrim’s progress

leave a comment »

The following is reproduced in its entirety by kind permission of Karl Perrin

Burns Bog June 7th

Welcome to Crescent Slough.

My name is Karl Perrin, from the Unitarian Church of Vancouver. Sister Cecelia Hudec and I helped organize this pilgrimage in 1999, and we did it again with a lot of help from a lot of people. Let’s hear it for all the volunteers! We did it with no budget, so do not donate money. Just share what you have with each other. Help each other.

Dear Friends,

Some things are—not for sale.

Ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls, pilgrims all, some things are not for sale.

We are walking to a sacred site, Burns Bog. This is our cathedral, and within our cathedral are many rooms. We’ve got Deas Island, the richest farmland in Canada, the magical Forest and Burns Bog, ten times the size of Stanley Park.

Today, from Deas Island we crossed a two lane highway, with traffic monitors guarding our safety. Imagine an additional four-lane highway, right here. The path of the proposed Gateway South Fraser Perimeter Road is beneath our feet. Imagine it.

We walked here safely, in spite of the traffic and the pollution. On this site, a huge Gateway interchange will be built, unless we stop it.

The fine particulate matter from diesel ships and trucks will clog, not only our lungs, but the “Lungs of the Lower Mainland”, all the animals and plants that live and breathe here.

I ask you: Do we want more pollution? (No!)

Do you know what happens when the ozone which burns our lungs, is inhaled by plants? I’ll tell you, they close down their stoma, the openings on their leaves, which take in carbon dioxide. So the wild trees, as well as our local farm produce, can’t breathe efficiently, and their growth is stunted. When you add in the acid rain, and the greenhouse gases which warm our climate, you wonder: who’s doing the math on this 7 billion dollar mega-project? The costs to our health, the costs to farm produce, the costs to our earth, far outweigh the profits going into a few developers’ pockets. Some things are not for sale!

I ask you people: Do we want this monstrosity? (No!)

Dear friends, brothers and sisters, very soon, as we gather for the final push to Sherwood Forest, we will compete with the Landfill traffic to get to the peace of the Forest.

I want you to be careful. I want you to take care of each other, because the shoulder between the road and the ditch is very narrow.

But I also want you to imagine what will happen to the Barn Owls, who sleep by day in the dim, calm corners of the forest, and at night come out to forage on mice and rats. The trucks will come right through here all night long, 24-7. The rodents scurry across four lanes, and some of them get squashed–fresh meat for a hungry owl. The owl will swoop down to pluck the road-kill stuck to the pavement. Meanwhile a truck is bearing down.

Now, an owl is no match for a big container rig. Bam! There goes an owl. Bam! There goes a skunk! Bam! There goes a deer…

Ladies and gentlemen, Gateway is a death trap.

Without the keystone species, the eagles, hawks, and owls, the rodents will run rampant. The gulls will over-populate and become malnourished.

The beautiful Sandhill cranes who forage on the farmland and rest in the Bog, will get no rest with the noise, the pollution, the lights flashing day and night.

The millions of birds, who rest here, migrating like pilgrims, north to south, and south to north, will get no rest, no food. The billions of birds, salmon, mammals, and the zillions of tiny plants, which make up this unique eco-system–all will be threatened, as the Bog itself dries out, and ignites, bringing fire upon fire.

And after it has burned and the children of Abbotsford, and the seniors of Chilliwack are intoxicated with the smog of the Bog, and the huge carbon reserves of these peatlands are added to diesel exhaust as we burn up the planet, after all that… we will say, “Why?” “Why did we let it happen?”

“Why did we think that truck traffic was a wonderful way to spend tax dollars?”

And then we will say, “Hey, we didn’t vote for that!” “Victoria never asked us if we wanted a truck freeway through our Bog, through Annieville and the 9,000 year old aboriginal archeological sites on the Fraser River.

No-one asked us if we wanted to “pave paradise, put up a parking lot.” Some things are not for sale. Some things are sacred. The Bog is sacred, our children are sacred, the eagles in Sherwood Forest and they never got a vote.

Our living, breathing children never got a vote.

Now I ask you people: Do we want this trucking freeway? (No!)

They said it was a “DONE DEAL” the day it was announced.

Well I’ve got an announcement for you, Mr. Kevin Falcon: Gateway is not a done deal. It’s a “dumb deal”, and with global warming it’s getting dumber and dumber.

As UBC’s Bill Rees says: “Gateway is ludicrous”.

It’s monumentally stupid. It’s like, we don’t have a Notre Dame, or a Golden Temple, or a Taj Mahal, but we do have the most beautiful place on earth, so let’s put a bunch of trucks on it, and stink up the place. Let’s improve the view with containers piled up to the sky.

Let me ask you, people, is that what we want? (No!)

Listen to the tigers, the polar bears, the coral and the cod. Where are the salmon and the cedar?

And so Mr. Falcon, I will not allow it.

My friends, the eagles and hawks will not allow it. The barn owls will lay down their lives on your freeway, Mr. Falcon. The river will run red, and we will cry and grieve, “Why did we ever let it happen?” But Mr. Falcon, I, for one, will not let it happen.

We, sir, are a peaceful people. But we are angry. We don’t want your stinking trucks.

Some things are: not for sale.

We don’t want your smoking ships.

Some things are: not for sale.

We don’t want your death trap highways.

Some things are: not for sale.

And Mr. Falcon, and Mr. Campbell, we love this land. Mr. Falcon and Mr. Campbell, listen to your hearts. You know this Gateway thing will never fly.

Put it down. Give peace a chance.

Because it just ain’t gonna happen.

Some things are not for sale, and our integrity as people of faith, is not for sale. Let the river live. Let Sherwood Forest live! Let Burns Bog survive. And let us all live together in peace. Let us love one another, and let us love this place, even though it hurts when we must protect what we love. Let our suffering be the pain inherent in the joy of love.

And so, let us hold up our hearts, to love and to suffer. Let us open our hearts to all that is, all that is horrible and all that is beautiful, two sides of the same coin. Let us be brave in our fear, and proud in our grief. No one said compassion was a bowl of cherries. But friends, we were born to love. Let us seek the grace of God to live openly and fully in the glory of Creation. Brothers and sisters, fellow pilgrims, let us walk.

Let us be careful as we hike and stagger to our final destination, Sherwood Forest on Nottingham’s Farm, where we will hold our closing ceremony.

Watch the cars coming through the tunnel under the freeway, and please walk on the far side of the road where the traffic is slower. Continue on the path to the second utility pole. Let’s go. Allez.


Written by Stephen Rees

June 16, 2008 at 8:03 am

Posted in Environment, Gateway, Transportation

Tagged with

Mess may be in the making

with 7 comments


(The sub-editors at the Province are even worse than the Sun!)

Faced with the damning reports on what it will do to Burns Bog the province is having second thoughts about the South Fraser Perimeter Road. Not abandoning it as completely unnecessary, of course. Or rerouting it via the Holger Nass proposal of following the railway tracks.

The lamebrains at the MoT have now decided to reroute the SFPR over prime agricultural land. Which as far as dealing with opposition to the road is concerned is jumping out of the frying pan and into the fire.

[MoT is] faced with significant criticism from Environment Canada, which earlier this year said in a report that even remedial work contemplated by the B.C. government won’t protect Burns Bog, which is often described as “the lungs of the Lower Mainland” for its ability to offset climate change.

However, a B.C. Ministry of Transportation spokeswoman would only confirm yesterday that some SFPR re-alignment is under consideration. She declined to give details.

The Delta Farmers Institute is also appealing to John Cummings, the Conservative MP for Delta Richmond East, and through him to five federal cabinet ministers, including Environment Minister John Baird and International Trade/Gateway Minister David Emerson.

The Gateway program depends on demand for cross Pacific trade to grow. It is currently declining. It depends on Vancouver taking a greater share of US destined traffic. US demand is falling, the US dollar is falling, and new routes through the North West Passage and an enlarged Panama Canal are opening up. Prince Rupert offers both a shorter sail from the Asian rim ports and a more direct route to the midwest over an easier pass. The port expansion threatens a unique habitat and migratory bird feeding ground. The SFPR threatens Burns Bog and communities in North Delta and North Surrey. The Port Mann twinning and the Highway #1 expansion is based on a fictional demand forecast that bears no relation to North American urban experience with freeway widening, and has been criticised by Health Canada and Environment Canada. Global climate change is accelerating, and our fossil fuel consumption continues to rise, threatening the very area that the road and the port would occupy with a rising sea level.

I think they have enough problems without taking on the farmers too. Any sane administration by now would have admitted its assumptions have been shown to be wrong, and backed away from the project.

“When circumstances change, I change my mind. What do you do?”

Burns Bog

Photo by Squeaky Marmot

Written by Stephen Rees

April 15, 2008 at 8:59 am

SFPR Stuck in Burns Bog

I am pleased to pass along to you the latest video from Damien Gillis. The text below the video is from an email from him. To those who think that this project is a good idea I have disabled comments to this post, as I have no wish to give you a platform. If a new road is needed (and I doubt that too) there is an alternate route which the government, typically, has simply ignored even though it would be faster, cheaper and have none of the impacts of the SFPR.

A recent visit by Federal Opposition Leader Stephane Dion to Delta, BC’s ecological treasure Burns Bog was an opportunity to discuss the threats to the Bog and the community of Delta by the BC government’s proposed South Fraser Perimeter Road truck highway. Mr. Dion learned from experts that the Bog is the “lungs of the lower mainland,” the largest urban carbon sink in the North America, and vital to the survival of the world’s largest salmon run in the interconnected Fraser River. He also learned that, according to Environment Canada and the regional Burns Bog Scientific Advisory Panel’s under-publicized reports, the SFPR would essentially destroy Burns Bog. It would also increase mortality rates along the route–with seven Delta schools within a kilometer of the highway–force hundreds of North Deltans from their homes (many heritage), and steamroll over hundreds of acres of farmland. Mr. Dion also learned of an alternate route to the SFPR, known as the Hoover/Naas proposal, that carries none of the above detrimental impacts because it follows an existing rail right-of-way removed from homes, schools and the Bog. This railway is already entirely owned by the the province. The video also provides a summary of some shocking statements uncovered amongst the government’s environmental assessment application documents, such as this one, which suggests there could be an economic upside to people getting sick from increased air pollution:

“With increased air pollution there can possibly be increased employment (e.g., in the health sector) because of the economic activity associated with correcting the results of its impacts.” (Government documents for SFPR: Technical Volume 16, pg. 39, 4.3.5 Employment)

Written by Stephen Rees

March 21, 2008 at 8:10 am

Posted in Environment, Gateway

Tagged with ,